Honey – what does it contain and how does it influence the body?

I think there isn't any other product, apart from honey, which includes mainly simple sugars, and which would be perceived as healthy and valuable. Many people use it as a sweetener to tea and other beverages. However, it's good to think about the content of honey and its nutrition value.

You should definitely read:

Honey as a replacement of sugar

Honey, meaning what?

Despite the potential value of honey, the fact is that in mainly contains water and sugars. Of course, this fact is not some important flaw, however, it shouldn't be trivialised by stating that the calories from honey "don't count" in the daily balance... I should only mention that in honey you can also find the following components:

  • enzymes,

  • mineral salts,

  • vitamins,

  • organic acids,

  • phenol compounds.

Their total amount is quite small, although, it's sufficient enough to influence human body in positive way.

Honey in prime factors...

Honey – as it was mentioned before, is a mixture of various substances with different structures and properties. What's important, the content of particular components is extremely divergent, which may look like this:

  • simple sugars, such as fructose and glucose: 65-80%,

  • water: 15-23%,

  • organic acids: 0.005-0.3%,

  • proteins, peptides, free amino acids, enzymes: 0.05 – 1.6% in total,

  • minerals: 0.05-1%,

  • polyphenols: 0.02-1.2%,

  • essential oils and vitamins: trace amount.

The amount of the components listed above may differ, depending on the kind of honey. And so, honeydew has much higher content of minerals than nectar honey. The same dependency concerns other ingredients, such as organic acids or enzymes. Therefore, the influence of particular kinds of fat on funcioning of the body may be various.

What sugars can be found in honey?

Carbohydrates are the main component of the mass of honey, whereas, the dominating ones are glucose and fructose (they take 70-80% of all carbohydrates). Their proportion is equal, although there are exceptions from this rule and there is sometimes more fructose (1.3:1). Apart from free forms of the mentioned monosaccharides in honey, there is also:

  • saccharose, but there isn't much of it – 4 – 5% at maximum,

  • dextrins – up to 15% (mainly in honeydew, other kinds of honey contain less of it),

  • melezitose – which is trisaccharide containing glucose and turanose, which is slowly digested in human digestive tract,

  • maltose,

  • starch – it is present in some kinds of honey in trace amount.