Swimming is not just fun, but most of all, it is one of the most all-development, comprehensive and safe sports disciplines. Swimming is advised not only for healthy people, but also for those with injuries, weak joints, problems with spine, backache or other skeletal-muscle ailments.
In general, everybody can swim, starting from the youngest, finishing at the oldest, healthy ones and those with health problems. In some situations, however, it should be consulted with the doctor.
The movement in water is advantageous not only for the shape, but also for physical and mental health. Doctors advise swimming to people coping with problems connected with spine, but also as a form or reacting to stress. But swimming has a lot more advantages.
The climat conditions of our country let us use the sea, rivers and lakes for only few months of the year, and during the remaining moths, we can go to swimming pools. The pools, which contain chlorine may be problematic for sensitive people. But there are also swimming pools with ozone water, which are the best choice for sensitive and allergic people.
Swimming lets us strengthen the body and avoid some diseases. Classes at the swimming pool may also increase the efficiency of the body and maintain youg appearance for a longer period of time.
During swimming the body is unloaded, the joints are not loaded and water has lower temerature than the body. Thanks to that, we feel relaxed after leaving the pool.
The movements we do during swimming improve blood circulation, which strengthens blood vessels and the fibres of heart muscle. They become stronger, more flexible and thicker.
Moreover, swimming has positive influence on respiratory system. Respiratory muscles get stronger and the vital capacity increases.
Swimming also lets us burn a lot of calories, whereas, it is not perceived as an exhausting form of physical activity, especially if you compare it to running. Also for that reason, swimming is a very good idea for people, who want to lose weight.
Swimming in moderate pace lets us burn about 500 kcal in an hour. The amount of burnt calories depends on the weight, style of swimming and intensity.
It will be a great idea for children, older people and those suffering from spinal or joint problems. Running or long-distance marching may load the spine and joints too much.
It's almost a great alternative for those who are not the fans of such forms of movement, as running or cycling.
Swimming is advised as a form of corrective exercises for people who have problems with back or oblique spine. Swimming mobilises the whole movement aparatus of a person to effort, whereas, the risk of injury is minimal, because the resistance of water makes the movements slower.
It's possible to significantly improve the condition of the spinal column with systematic swimming, mainly because of the process of strengthening the back muscles.
The ability of swimming is very useful in life. Most of all, in increases the safety during the stay by any kind of water reservoir. People, who rest by the lake or sea in summer, feel much more comfortable when they use water and water equipment if they are able to swim. Additionally, you should remember, that the ability of coping with water creates many opportunities of spending free time in an interesting way. If you are able to swim, you choose various kinds of activities in water more eagerly. Let's say, sailing, canoeing, using water bikes, water skiing, windsurfing or kitesurfing.
Which style should I choose?
Crawl burns the biggest amount of calories. Backstroke strengthens the back and improves the posture, whereas, beraststroke strengthens hips and inner thighs.
Breastroke is not advised for people with spinal curvature.
If you are at the beginning of the adventure with swimming, or you had a long break from swimming, work on your technique. During swimming you can use the special swimming board. Thanks to it, you will be able to work on the proper movements of arms or legs without the necessity of synchronising them. It may be very useful for start.
Remember to know your limits. Set realistic goals and let your body adapt to the new form of effort. It's best to divide the workout into parts, and swim intensively and rest, as well as use various styles and tempo of swimming. It's not only an efficient way of building swimming form, but it's also a good idea for introducing other kind of training.