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Although it is thought that you just have to eat less and move more in order to lose weight, in reality the situation is much more complicated. It turns out that there are also non-nutrition and non-training factors, which make body fat reduction harder. Some of them are really surprising.
Properly long sleep, which gives rest, is indispensable for assuring proper functioning of the body, and its deprivation may lead to significant decrease of the mental-physical condition, as well as to the disorder of many systems and organs in the body. Not many people are aware of the fact, that one of the side effects of not enough amount of sleep is the disability of functioning of the mechanisms responsible for the food consumption control. Frankly speaking – if you don't sleep enough, you are hungry and it's much more difficult for you to alleviate appetite. Additionally, because of lack of sleep, you may become more prone to the adverse influence of stress, which causes the increase of the level of cortisol – the hormone, which is catabolic for muscle tissue and makes the work on the body harder. This effect is connected with mental tension, which is often released with... eating sweets! In addition, scientific data indicate that lack of proper amount of sleep makes the process of making rational decisions much harder, which may lead to falling into eating a chocolate bar or a doughnut much easier.
Stress itself is nothing to be worry about, provided it is not drastically strong or permanent. Because of the long-lasting stress, human body starts to change its functioning. Constant mental tension may cause the following results:
cardiovascular system disorder,
lipid economy disability,
insulin-glucose economy deregulation.
For many people consuming food, especially that rich in simple sugars and fats, is an efficient way of alleviating stress. Just the process of chewing foodstuffs may help to lower mental tension and decrease the level of cortisol. Additionally, the increase of blood glucose, which is the result of eating any kind of food product, results in increasing the level of insulin, which leads to the higher transfer of tryptophan to the brain. Tryptophan is an amino acid, from which serotonin is created – the neurotransmiter and relaxing hormone. This is how stress fosters excessive consumption and... makes slimming more difficult.
I suppose that almost everyone knows that some medicines cause putting on weight. But, in practice, not many people are aware of the fact how many pharmaceuticals may have negative influence on body mass and composition. Obviously, nowadays there are many modern replacements of the old medicines, which no longer cause some part of side effects, however, there are still many pharmaceuticals, which make slimming harder. The most dangerous in this matter are most of all:
hormonal products, such as insulin (applied in diabetes) and glucocorticoids, such as prednisone, or some products containing female sex hormones,
tricyclic antidepressants – in this case, the noticeable increase of body mass is observed in about 25% of people who use them!
Some medicines decreasing blood pressure, especially atenolol, which may cause sleepiness and reluctance to taking up physical activity, which leads to the body mass increase, or the problem with decreasing the level of body fat.
It has been also mentioned recently, that antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medicines may have indirect influence on the mechanisms controlling energy balance!
Even though it's rather excessive amount of food, than its insufficiency, that contributes to the problems of losing weight, the fact is that body fat reduction may be impeded by the following nutrient deficiency:
indispensable fatty acids.
We usually don't think about it, we don't take it under consideration, and it turns out, that the results of scientific studies confirm the dependencies mentioned above. For example, inadequate intake of calcium may be connected with the disorder of proper functioning of the adipocytes, which may cause increased gathering of fatty tissue and problems with releasing the reserves. The deficiency of vitamin D fosters gathering the visceral body fat, and completing the insufficiency during slimming diet speeds up losing weight. Lack of magnesium causes the disorder of insulin sensibility, and lack of chromium probably causes the hunger control disorder. These are just some examples of which there are much more in reality.
Planning an effective reduction is not only connected with creating nutrition-training strategy, but it should also take under consideration many other factors, like the length and quality of sleep, intensity of stress, ability to cope with its consequences, as well as possible pharmacotherapy. When planning a diet, it's good to take under consideration the matter of the influence of the potential nutrition insufficiency on the functioning of energetic economy, by verifying the current nutrition habits and, if necessary, by ordering proper tests.