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The queen of the beach – sexy shape. Part I

The queen of the beach – sexy shape. Part I
I have written a lot about training for women. Despite that, 90% of information on the Internet is misleading. Advertisements or myths, lies or half-truths distributed by the ladies themselves don't make it any better. Before I start describing particular types of workouts, I would like to remove the informational noise, which doesn't let you achieve your goals. You will do majority of work... in the kitchen, not at the gym.

Majority of the results in body fat reduction depends on the individually adjusted diet. It explains why most of the people don't succeed. If you don't have time or willingness to study this area, go to a dietitian, or use the offer of Afterworkout.com. Only the “genetically priviledged” people can let themselves do the strangest training or experiment with diet – they lose weight whenever they want, even when eating ice-cream. But majority of the ladies have to work hard to notice the slightest changes in their bodies. Because of the physilogical reasons, body fat reduction in women is a harder task than in men (minute amount of testosterone, naturally higher amount of body fat). The group of the “lucky ones” will include only a fraction of population, and the group of women with no predispositions will also gather small part of individuals. Don't look for excuses, just start working. First, I will write about women who will do anything to lose weight. Some are ready to die only to fit in their dream dress or swimsuit!

Are there any miraculous slimming pills? Yes, they can kill you!

You can still find the descriptions, advertisements and promotions of inefficient pills, wonderful supplements and harmful pharmacology. Women tend to still recommend CLA or l-carnitine to one another – even though their efficiency is very poor or none in scientific studies [1, 2, 3]. Why does it happen like this? Everybody is looking for the Holy Grail – shortcuts, pills for slimming.

In you opinion there are such wonderful products? Yes? So, why more than 1/3 of adult Americans are obese? Exactly, according to the CDC information, 34.9% (78.6 millions of people) suffer from obesity! [4] Out of that group, 30.3% are adults from the age group of 20-39 and 16.9% are children and teenagers! According to the estimates, there are 937 millions of obese people around the world! If there was a “slimming pill” - the problem of obesity would not exist, but it grows and is becoming more important!

More than one woman lost good health or even life because of the experiments with pharmacology. Like in the famous case of a woman from Warsaw, who died after using an extreme burner – DNP. 2,4-Dinitrophenol has killed tens of people – the information available in scientific data must be just the tip of the iceberg. For example, you can learn about the death of a 22-year-old [7]. The first person to be killed by DNP was a man in 1916 (his body temperature was 40.5 C degrees). [8]

In the mentioned study, there are 25 cases of deaths of people who used DNP for slimming reasons. As you can notice, DNP is deadly efficient...:

  • some women died after a dose of 300 mg during 6 weeks (a 46-year-old),

  • a 31-year-old died after 16 days – she took 6.06 grams during 4 days,

  • there is also the case of a 13-year-old, who died in 1936 after taking 5.4 g of DNP, which she had been taking for 46 days!

  • a 21-year-old died 9 hours and 10 minutes after taking 4.5 g of DNP,

  • another 25-year-old died 7 days after taking the first dose of DNP (she took 2.88 g within 5 days),

  • another 17-year-old died 10 hours after taking DNP (she took 2.3 to 2.88 g).

The record-holders from that list, at the moment of death, had their body temperature on the level of 43 C degrees! Women often look for some pills from the illegal market, e.g. the imported adipex from Czech Republic. Some desperates use clenbuterol (beta-mimetic, which may be efficient, but until the moment of your hospitalisation). [6]

Solution: stop looking for sortcuts, there aren't any of those. Even when using pharmacology, you have to wait for the results for months. People work for their bodies for their whole lives. You also worked for the body fat yourself for years. You think that you will remove that fat in 2 months? Some miracle will happen? Many products available on the black market may make you go to the hospital, and some of them, like DNP or clenbuterol, may kill you.

How to lose 8 kg in one weekend?

You can read such assurance on the Internet, in magazines, perhaps you will hear it from your friend. Yes, it's true, such changes of weight are possible. But before you run to find some wonderful ways of doing that, I suggest a moment of thinking. It's good to remember that the loss of body weight doesn't mean ANYTHING. I can even tell you how to lose 5-8 kg of weigh during one weekend. The MMA competitors, as well as K-1 competitors, boxers, wrestlers or judokas – do it at all times, at least for the last 30 years. Why? Because they have to have particular weight at the precise moment before the fight – at the official weighing. What do they do? They train in too warm clothes, they go to the sauna, they dehydrate with pharmacology (e.g. diuretics), they use herbs and very strict diets, they limit the intake of liquids. All of those procedures bring effect – the weight decreases very fast. But how much body fat goes away this way? Nothing. Not even one gram! All of those actions are aimed at dehydration, the loss of body weight causes weakening, lower level of glycogen and water. It doesn't make any sense.

I can say more – the loss of body weight doesn't matter – losing body fat does. If the fat reduction causes the same or bigger loss of muscle mass – you cause irreversable damage! Why? You may assume, that majority of your results of burning fat depends on the amount of muscles. Fat doesn't matter in the context of burning fatty tissue. It's not metabolically active (there is too little of the brown fat) – from that point of view, the loss of each kilogram of muscles deteriorates the body composition. In western countries, according to the estimates, only 40% of energy is used by physical activity, 60% is burnt without any movement (rest metabolism). [5]

Muscle tissue => increased rest metabolism => 60% of the final result

So, what can you forget about right now?

  • About strict wonderful “reduction” diets, which cause the loss of body weight and destroy your muscles at the same time (for example – you ate 2200 kcal until now, then you change the supply of calories from day to day into 1000 kcal a day),

  • About long-lasting, multiple aerobic sessions, which have minimal influence on metabolism and don't build muscles (i.e. you have a double loss – according to the studies, 40 minutes of aerobics has few times smaller influence on metabolism comparing to intervals).

Paradoxically, you may not lose weight significantly, but... grow thin. In the perfect world, you will maintain muscle mass and you will only notice the loss of fat.

What is the level of weight loss I should aim at?

The real loss will be 1% of the body mass a week. If you wiegh 70 kg, you will lose 700 g of your weight during one week, during a month you will lose 2.8 kg. You may say it's not much – I'll send you back to the paragraph: “How to lose 8 kg in one weekend?” In general, it is agreed, that the safe loss of weight is about 1 kg a week, which gives 4 kg a month. And that's not so little. Why?

1 kg of subcutaneous fat is 7000 kcal. Not calories, but kilocalories. That's huge amount of energy. A quick reminder: one hour of cycling in moderate pace of 20-22 km/h is 436 kcal (weight: 55 kg). Running in the pace of 12 km/h “burns” 684 kcal for a person weighing 53 kg.

So, in order to lose 1 kg of fat, you have to:

  • run for 10 hours,

  • ride a bike for 16 hours.

Now, imagine 10 hours of run. One workout lasting one hour is a lot. Many women who run for years reach the speed of 10 km/h during half-marathon, and here, you would have to maintain the pace of 5 minutes per each kilometr (12 km/h). And there would have to be five such workout in one week, each lasting for 2 hours. To make it worse, fat doesn't have to be the dominating source of energy during such work. Up to 40% of energy during running with the intensity of 74% of the maximal heart rate comes from muscles (glucose stored as glycogen), 25% of energy comes from intramuscular fats (IMTG), which are restored after workout, just like glycogen. Only ¼ of calories come from subcutaneous fat!

Conclusions from part one:

  • don't look for shortcuts, “wonderful” supplements or pharmacology,

  • use balanced reduction diet, e.g. providing 2-2.5 g of protein per one kilogram of body mass, 0.8 – 1 g of healthy fats per 1 kilogram of body mass (20-30% of the whole energy), as well as about 2 – 4.5 g of carbohydrates per one kilogram of body mass (e.g. Balanced reduction diet, i.e. eat carbs and lose weight),

  • the loss of weight is slow, the decrease of the amount of body fat is even slower!

  • start running 3-4 x a week, 20-30 minutes outdoors – I will put the detailed plan in the second part of the text,

  • add proper resistance training to the aerobics – I will write more about it in the next article.

Sources: J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2015; 12: 36. Published online 2015 Sep 17. doi: 10.1186/s12970-015-0097-4 PMCID: PMC4574006 A review on effects of conjugated linoleic fatty acid (CLA) upon body composition and energetic metabolism 2. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2000 Jun;10(2):199-207. L-Carnitine supplementation combined with aerobic training does not promote weight loss in moderately obese women.Villani RG, Gannon J, Self M, Rich PA. Department of Human Biology and Movement Science, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Victoria, 3083, Australia. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10861338?ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_MultiItemSupl.Pubmed_TitleSearch&linkpos=1&log 3. http://www.sfd.pl/L_Karnityna_nie_spala_tkanki_t%C5%82uszczowej-t675998.html 4. http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html 5. High-Intensity Interval Resistance Training (HIRT) influences resting energy expenditure and respiratory ratio in non-dieting individuals http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3551736/ 6. Toxicity of Weight Loss Agents http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3550246/ 7. Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Oct;46(5):251-4. Dying to be thin: a dinitrophenol related fatality. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15487646 8. 2,4-Dinitrophenol (DNP): A Weight Loss Agent with Significant Acute Toxicity and Risk of Death http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3550200/

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